Natural Resource Management

With the objectives of promoting welfare of the South Asian people and their quality of life during the era of faster economic growth, the management of natural resources plays a critical role for production of crops, livestock, fisheries and other agricultural products. South Asia is fortunately blessed with an abundance of natural resources (soil, water, air, forestry etc.) for supporting the basis of life and creating enormous biodiversity to make the region as best one across the world. SAARC Agriculture Centre (SAC) is focused on the sustainable management and utilization of natural resources for the benefits of the present generation and to maintain it for the future generations. During the recent past, population growth coupled with greater demand of food necessitates large scale application and adoption of high inputs and resource intensive farming system, which is basically unsustainable for food and agricultural production, because of massive deforestation, water scarcities, soil depletion, higher levels of greenhouse gas emission, rising sea levels, forest fire, mountain fragility, sea water intrusion etc. Hence, careful management of natural resources followed by application of smart technologies (based on periodic and precise assessment) are critical components for sustainable development after due contemplation to the limited capacity of natural resources. After listening and analyzing the nation specific emerging challenges of Member States, the SAC routinely design and formulate the programs and activities of natural resources management platform for enabling benefits specifically from a national point of view and finally at regional perspectives. At this point of time, the SAC is relentlessly working on holistic approaches such as agro-ecology, agro-forestry, climate smart agriculture, conservation agriculture, smart irrigation after harnessing the power of the traditional knowledge and wisdom of indigenous background for simultaneously protecting the natural resources bases and maintaining the higher productivity.

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